The Fourth Asian Forum on The Rights of The Child 2016 (ARFC 2016) merupakan agenda rutin setiap dua tahun yang dilaksanakan sebagai wadah untuk bertukar informasi, prestasi, dan membahas permasalahan dan upaya–upaya untuk pemenuhan hak–hak anak di Asia. ARFC 2016 digelar di Bali Safari Marine Park, Gianyar, 23-25 November 2016. Forum diikuti oleh delegasi dari Indonesia, Jepang, Korea Selatan, Kamboja, Filipina, Mongolia, Nepal, dan India. Peserta terdiri dari wakil pemerintahan, universitas, dunia usaha, dam lembaga masyarakat yang bergerak di bidang anak.
Ketua Konferensi ARFC 2016 Lenny Rosalin mengatakan, ARFC 2016 adalah lanjutan dari tiga forum, yang sebelumnya telah berlangsung di Seoul (2009), Tokyo (2011), dan Ulanbator (2014). Forum ini bertujuan untuk menjamin hak–hak anak, menyampaikan prestasi dari negara Asia dalam upaya perlindungan anak di tingkat nasional dan regional, mengidentifikasi tantangan yang muncul, dan mencari peluang kerjasama lebih lanjut. ”Substansinya fokus kepada Kota Layak Anak (KLA),” ujar Deputi Menteri Pemberdayaan Perempuan dan Perlindungan Anak (PPPA) RI tersebut.
Selama forum berlangsung, panel mengeksplorasikan secara mendalam pendekatan dan praktik terbaik untuk membangun pemenuhan hak di tingkat Asia. Di penghujung panel, mereka membuat rekomendasi resmi dalam bentuk deklarasi.
Menteri PPPA RI Yohana Yembise mengatakan, Indonesia sebagai anggota PBB telah ikut meratifikasi Konvensi Hak Anak (KHA) tahun 1990, untuk memastikan komitmen Indonesia dalam implementasi dan wujud nyata pemenuhan dan perlindungan hak anak.”Indonesia juga berkomitmen mendukung gerakan global “World Fit for Children” melalui pembangunan KLA,” tegasnya.
Ia menambahkan, kredit khusus diberikan untuk komitmen Gianyar yang sangat baik kemajuannya dalam upaya menuju KLA. “Saya harap forum ini dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai ajang pertunjukkan untuk delegasi dunia, bahwa Gianyar memang terbukti sangat layak menyandang predikat tersebut,” ujar Yohana.
Kepala Bappeda Kabupaten Gianyar Made Wisnu Wijaya, mewakili Bupati Gianyar mengatakan, selain memang berkomitmen kuat untuk mewujudkan KLA, masyarakat di Bali, khususnya Kabupaten Gianyar yang memang mayoritas beragama Hindu senantiasa menjaga nilai tradisi dan budaya. Anak adalah harta yang paling berharga dalam keluarga. Maka dari itu, sang anak sejak lahir hingga tumbuh dan menikah selalu diupacarai sebagai tanda penghormatan.
Adapun prosesi upacara adalah ketika bayi dalam kandungan disebut megedong–gedongan, upacara jata karma dilaksanakan sebelum bayi lepas tali pusar, upacara bajang colong ketika bayi berumur 12 hari, selanjutnya ketika bayi berusia 42 hari dilakukan upacara kambuhan, berikutnya saat menginjak 105 hari upacaranya dinamakan tiga bulanan, dan kemudian setiap enam bulan kalender Bali, diupacarai dengan otonan.
“Serangkaian upacara tersebut adalah bentuk penghargaan tertinggi atas lahirnya sang anak, dan diharapkan anak tersebut tumbuh menjadi pribadi yang taat dan berbakti terhadap kehidupan. Nantinya generasi inilah yang mengemban tanggung jawab melanjutkan cita–cita bangsa ini,” ujar Wisnu Wijaya.
Hari Jumat (25/11), delegasi melakukan kunjungan ke Sekolah Ramah Anak di Kabupaten Gianyar, yakni SDN 2 Gianyar, SMP N 1 Gianyar, SMP 1 Blahbatuh. Selain itu juga dilakukan kunjungan ke Puskesmas Ramah Anak, yakni UPT Kesmas 1 Blahabtuh dan UPT Kesmas 2 Blahabtuh. Rombongan yang dipimpin Lenny Rosalin juga melakukan kunjungan ke Desa Ramah Anak, yakni Desa Batuan, dan Desa Batuan Kaler. (ard/humas gianyar)
Ten Points Bali Declaration of the Fourth Asian Forum on the Rights of the Child
We, the participants of the Fourth Asian Forum on the Rights of the Child,
Recognizing the vulnerabilities faced and suffering of children who are victims of violence including in conflict situations as well as children affected by humanitarian disaster situations.,
Drawing attention to a large number of Asian children who suffer from violation of their rights such as discrimination, poverty, and violence in the form of trafficking, child labor, sexual exploitation, substance abuse and neglect, corporal punishment, bullying and harmful traditional practices.
Reconfirming that children are full subjects of rights and that they shall be respected as members of the society today as recognized by the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) , to which all the Asian states are parties and which now forms the common language and tools for us,
Bearing in mind that all the rights enshrined in the CRC must be guaranteed and ensured for all children in all settings with special emphasis on the four general principles of the CRC, namely the principles of non-discrimination, the best interests of the child, the right to life, survival and development and respect for the views of the child,
Reconfirming the importance of advancing the creation and exchange of information through research relevant to the implementation on the rights of the child, by sharing data and facts on children’s situations as well as information on legislation, policies, initiatives and practices concerning children,
Encouraging all the stakeholders to secure the best interest of children and their rights to express their views and participate in all actions concerning them and, for this purpose, to create structures and mechanisms for children to participate in the development and implementation of legislation, policies, programs and other measures concerning them,
Inviting countries in Asia to join the Asian Forum on the Rights of the Child with a view to working towards the creation of child-friendly Asian continent,
Determined to pursue the effective realization of children’s rights in each country and in the whole region of Asia by promoting collaboration among researchers and experts as well as governments, international organizations, NGOs/civil society and other actors with CRC as the basis,
Building on the outcomes of the First Forum in Seoul in 2009 (Key theme: the Actual Situation of and Challenges to the Rights of the Child in East Asia) and the Second Forum in Tokyo in 2011 (Key theme: Creating ‘A World Fit for Children’) and the Third Forum in Ulaanbaatar in 2014 (Key theme: the Development of ‘Child-Friendly Societies in Asia’),
Have agreed to promote the following initiatives for “the Development of Child Friendly Cities and the Realization of the Best Interests of the Child”, which is the key theme of the Fourth Forum in Bali:
- Given the fact that all the countries in Asia are now States Parties to the CRC, to ensure that all the countries are involved in the amendments to and the adoption of the child-related legislation as appropriate for comprehensive and effective protection of children’s rights; And recognizing the push back on issues and standards around juvenile justice in Asian countries, to work together convince the governments to uphold the international standards;
- To disseminate the purposes and provisions of the CRC that recognizes that children are full subjects of rights throughout their life cycle, particularly to promote dissemination and awareness-raising through the media as well as education and learning in this regard;
- With a view to ensuring that children have the right to have their best interests assessed and taken into account as a primary consideration in all actions concerning them, address the growing problems of social and economic disparities and poverty among children, through appropriate and adequate budget allocations, for the realization of children’s rights; and interventions in basic services like health, education, and child protection.
- Recognizing that the rights of children to express their views and to actively participate in issues concerning them, and to be heard is essential and significant rights for children, which should not dependent on the intentions, circumstances and other factors on the part of adults, to develop mechanisms to realize these rights and to support children in this regard according to their age capacity and circumstances;
- In order to ensure that children are not subject to any forms of discrimination, that their life is valued and that they can develop in safe and secure environment, to review all actions and initiatives from children’s rights perspectives such as policies, laws and programmes with a view to restructuring them and mainstreaming child rights in all such initiatives; and to end all forms of discrimination against girls.
- To accelerate the development and implementation of legislation, policies, awareness-raising activities and other measures for the prevention and prohibition of all forms of violence against children, including exploitation, child abuse and neglect, corporal punishment and bullying; and, through these initiatives, to develop comprehensive plans and codes of conduct for the prevention and prohibition of all forms of violence against children and ensure children are protected all the times. To move progressively towards prohibition of all forms of child labour and exploitation and to provide children engaged in child labour and their families with viable alternatives, while taking all the measures to ensure their right to education and secure their growth and development;
- To provide comprehensive and continuous support to children as well as their parents and families and to promote a diversity of support policies, including the improvement of conditions of day-care workers, teachers and other supporters who work with children, with a view of protecting their rights so that they can provide appropriate support to children;
- Promote the development of “child-friendly cities” on the basis of the CRC, so that the whole communities become places for children to participate, play, learn, and develop in comfort and safety, and underlining the fact that child-friendly cities are friendly to all;
- Recognizing climate change as a child rights and justice issue because of the devastating consequences it has had in the Asian countries resulting in natural disasters witnessed in Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Philippines, Japan and Indonesia in the recent years have a long term impact on children’s right to survival, protection and development, to urge the concerned national mechanism to incorporate the issues and concerns of children into the national plans of action for disaster risk management, preservation and protection of environment.
- To work towards the creation of “child-friendly Asian societies” on the basis of the national initiatives for “child-friendly cities” through collaboration of national and local governments, national and international organizations, researchers and experts, NGOs/civil society, children groups/forums/ clubs, private sector and other stakeholders.